Friday, August 12, 2011

How to install Fedora 14.......??????

Fedora is one the many GNU/Linux distributions around and is sponsored by Red Hat Inc. and released regularly in less than 6 months.Fedora is one of the most liked linux distributions.
According to Distrowatch Fedora comes third in popularity.
Ubuntu is the most popular operating system and Linux Mint comes second.

If you want to install Ubuntu refer to this post.

Installing fedora is very easy.....
To install ubuntu you must have one of these :

1. A bootable Fedora CD/DVD.

2. A Live USB drive containing Fedora installation files.

To create a live USB drive refer to this post.

To install from a CD/DVD follow these steps:-

Step 1:If you are dual-booting your fedora with Windows or any other OS, i advise you to create
           a seperate partition
from  your hard disk to install your fedora or any other linux distro
           or you can do this while installing fedora.Just make sure you Backup your data so that
           you are safe even when something goes wrong!

Step 2:Insert the Fedora installation CD/DVD.Select boot from CD/DVD in the boot menu in case
           you haven't given it first priority.The computer will load files to run the live CD/DVD.


Step 3:The automatic login window will a ppear once all the files have been loaded.Press Login.

Step 4:Once you press login you will be logged into a live session.Here you can get a feel
           of Fedora without having to install it on your hard drive.If you decide to install Fedora
           click the Install to Hard Drive icon on the desktop.

Step 5:Once you click it the Fedora installer starts click Next.

Step 6:Choose your keyboard and click Next.

Step 7:Fedora asks you what type of device your installation will involve??
           Select Basic Storage Device if you are installing it on a personal PC or laptop.
          Click Next.


Step 8:Enter a name for your computer and click Next.


Step 9:Select your time zone and click Next.


Step 10: Choose a root password.Choose this password carefully and remeber it as it will be used
             when you make any changes to your system.Think of it as an administrator password.In
             Linux you are a normal user all the time and when you need to make changes to your
             system, it asks for root password.
            After entering your password click Next.


Step 11:This is the most important step choose any option carefully as you can easily loose all
             your data  if you make a mistake.
             ---The first option is Use all space.This is useful when you have a new Hard Disk or you
                 want to use all the space for your Fedora.
             ---The second option is Replace existing Linux System(s).This is useful  

                when you already have a linux installed on a drive and you want to  
                 remove and install Fedora on it.
             ---The third option is Shrink Current System.This is useful when you have extra free
                 space in your partitions and you want to install your Fedora on that free space.
             ---The next option is Use Free Space.This is useful when you have unallocated space
                  on your hard drive.
            ---The next option is Create Custom Layout.This is useful when you want create your own
                 layout and partitions.

           I am using the Last option to install Fedora.
          Select the last option Create Custom Layout and click Next.

Step 12:If you have unallocated free space the installer will show the free space.

             Now the file system in linux is slightly different from windows.In linux there's a single
             directory 'root' denoted by / and all the users and files are inside this folder.
             The file systems in linux are ext2,ext3 and the new ext4.Note that windows cannot read
             these file system on its own.
            To install your fedora on the free space select the free space and click create and select
            standard partition.

            Click create.

            Select the mount point as / (root) ,file system type as ext4 and give its size
            give it atleast 15-20 GB to run your Fedora smoothly (i am giving it a size of abt. 4GB
            just for demo purposes) and click OK.


            Now the system uses a swap area to place its temporary files.To create a swap area just
            create a separate partition like above from the free space available and select the file
            system type as swap.

           Give the swap between 1-2 GB and click OK.

Step 13:Now select your ext4 partition and click Next.

Step 14:Confirm installation of Fedora by clicking Write Changes to Disk.If your drive is new
             an error message will show up and will ask you to initialize the drive. Click Initialize.

Step 15:The installer will create your partitons and will ask you where to install the bootloader.
             If you want your other OS's to be listed leave fedora selected in Boot loader operating
            system list and click Next.


Step 16:The installer will write the files on your drive....


Step 17:When it completes right click on the panel on top of the screen and click add to panel.
              Search for shutdown and add the item to panel.Click on it to reboot your system.


Step 18:When the computer restarts Fedora will prompt you with this welcome window.

             Click Forward.

Step 19:Review the Licence and click forward to create a user.This user is the normal user.
             Enter your username,full name,password and click forward.

Enter your system date and time and click forward.

Step 20:Fedora will ask you to submit your hardware profile which they use to improve the
            development of fedora.You can opt not to sent your profile but it is recommended that you
            submit it.After that click finish.

           Now you can log into your system.Just enter the password and enjoy...!! :)



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If you have a problem at any step you can ask your questions via comments....


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